This style of long song singing is preserved among Khoshuud Mongols residing in Kokonor (Qinghai) province, China. Briefly to say, it’s a subgroup of Oirat Mongol long song group.

Deep (Upper – due to their inhabitation at higher Tibetan plateau) Mongols have an abundant long song heritage. Similar to other Mongol ethnicities, they have different types of long songs such as ‘Five songs of Statehood’‘Shajnaan (Shasdir) song’, ‘Nairyn (‘Festive’ or Aidam) long song’ and ‘Homeland and Livestock song’ (songs themed of daily life and taboo), each of them are defined in relevance to its purpose, rite and deed. In addition, they have a rich repertoire of ‘Lali (Love) songs’, short songs that are and forbidden to sing next to parents and elders as well as in environment of symbolic rites for welfare. As these short songs have melody quite similar to Tibetan songs, thus it’s excluded from the long song heritage.


As the Deed Mongol long song melody is kept in the high mountainous region of Himalaya, it does have similar structure and composition to the long songs of Oirat Mongols in Altai mountain range, Khotgoid and Darkhat gegelgen long songs from northern Mongolian mountainous area. Therefore, their singing technique and proficiency comprises the classical singing techniques such as ‘davkhiulakh’ in a higher vocal range, ‘shigshih’‘tsoroikh’‘tsailgakh’‘tsairuulakh’‘dan (singular)‘shurankhai’ (An octave leap to reach the highest pitch in falsetto), ‘shurankhai shavkhakh’ (An octave leap to reach the highest pitch in falsetto) etc.

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