Researcher's word

M.Dorjdagva, Long song singer and Researcher

Following its origin dating back to primal period of time, Mongolian long song has been formed, kept and transmitted in a variety of diverse forms and styles among the Mongol ethnic groups residing widespread all over the vast land of Asia. The long song has been used in a broader range of scope in every aspect of nomadic life of the Mongols, from daily life to the statehood traditions, belief and worship, religion and rites. Therefore, the long song had been developed in different genres and style due to its purpose of utilization, such as: 

            – Statehood long song;

            – Aizam (aizan, aidam, aidon) long song;

            – Shasdir song (Uizen);

            – Gur song;

            – Tsoor song;

            – Song of Daily Life ( Short-scale, shavshaa or gegelgen); and have been preserved until present day, which can be observed today. 

It’s evident from our long song studies that Mongolian long song is preserved among all the Mongol ethnicities throughout the entire territory of Mongolia; in Buryatia, Tuva and Kalmukia in Russia, most part of Inner Mongolia, Torgut Mongols in Khovog Sair and Bor Tala in Xinjiang, Deed (Upper) Mongols in Kokonor and Tsastyn Mongols in China. Regarding its broad scope of dissemination, it’s worth to say that Mongolian long song ‘is living; on the vast territory of the Grand Land (Asia-Euro Continent) 

 The value and siginificance of the proclamation of Mongolian Long Song as the ‘Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity’ are:
Firstly: Mongolian long song contains the abundant millennia-years’ experience of discovering the laws and principles of human life, biosphere , nature and the universe, and the prosperous knowledge to keep the balance between human and nature through communicating with honor and respect; 
Secondly: Mongolian long song opened the exceptionally unique method, technique and manner of proficiency of human body, mentality, intelligence and homan voice and the wider capacity of human speaking organs;
Thirdly: Mongolian long sojng becomes the hym and symbol of blissful life of the people and the peace of co-existence; thus being an extraordinarily unique vocal art that bring multiple benefits to anyone who listens to it.

DORJDAGVA Myagmarsuren, Long Song Singer and Long Song Researcher, The International Institute for the Study of Nomadic Civilizations

Research resources from the IISNC

This app has used the following academic resources – the results of the long-term long song study entitled ‘Long Song Heritage and Singers’ Proficiency’ conducted by the IISNC:

  1. Dorjdagva M., Battulga B., ‘Mongolian Statehood Long Songs’ Triple CD album (with research-based simplified explanations). UB., 2012.
  2. Dorjdagva M. “Mongolian Long Song and its Inheritors”. UB., 2013.
  3. Dorjdagva M. “Long Song Heritage of Dariganga, Uzemchin and Hatagin in eastern Mongolia” (research report). IISNC.,2014.
  4. Dorjdagva M. “Long Song Heritage of Buryats and Tuva Mongolians in the north” (research report). IISNC.,2015.
  5. Dorjdagva M. “Long Song, Rutaks and Interitors of Oirat Mongol”. UB., 2016.
  6. Dorjdagva M. “Long Song and Rituals of Khalkha Mongols-I”. UB., 2018.
  7. Dorjdagva M. “Long Song Heritage of Deed Mongols”(report of a scientific grant). IISNC., 2018.
  8. Dorjdagva M. “Long Song Heritage of Inner Mongolians”. UB., 2019.
  9. Dorjdagva M. “Long Song Heritage of Barga in Kherlen” (research report). IISNC.,2019.

Following the proclamation of Mongolian folk long song in the Representative List and Oral Traditions of the Intangible Heritage of Humanity of UNESCO,  the International Institute for the Study of Nomadic Civilizations (IISNC) initiated and conducted the ‘Study of Traditional Heritage and Singing Proficiency of Long Song” in cooperation with foreign researchers and scholars during 2008-2013.

Within the scope of the project, field expeditions in 8 different regions and rural areas traveled a distance of 40 000 km, conducted long song study among Mongol ethnic groups living in the territories of Mongolia, Russia and China, met and made documentations of over 300 heritage bearers, which became the fundamental study to identify the current condition and critical issues in preservation of long song and established the database of audio and video resources. This project has been continued until present, where the total distance of field expeditions reached 60.000km, interviewed over 600 long song singers – long song heritage bearers aged 12-90, made video documentations of over 300 hours and recorded about 800 long songs and variant melodies in duplicated number.

'Mongolian Long Song' Project Partners

“Mongolian long song” project aimed to develop and launch a Mobile application and a website on Mongolian long song in Mongolian and English language. The detailed information on every long song style and school of Mongol ethnicities are based on the results of the long song studies conducted by M.Dorjdagva, long song singer and long song researcher of the International Institute for the Study of Nomadic Civilizations established by the initiation of UNESCO under Mongolian Academy of Sciences.

It is the initial tangible outcome of the initiative to introduce the long song study in an easiest, most distributable and accessible way for free of charge just a click away  to anyone, both Mongolian and foreign, who are interested in discovering and learning more about Mongolian long song.

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