Following its origin dating back to primal period of time, Mongolian long song has been formed, kept and transmitted in a variety of diverse forms and styles among the Mongol ethnic groups residing widespread all over the vast land of Asia. The long song has been used in a broader range of scope in every aspect of nomadic life of the Mongols, from daily life to the statehood traditions, belief and worship, religion and rites. Therefore, the long song had been developed in different genres and style due to its purpose of utilization, such as:
– Statehood long song;
– Aizam (aizan, aidam, aidon) long song;
– Shasdir song (Uizen);
– Gur song;
– Tsoor song;
– Song of Daily Life ( Short-scale, shavshaa or gegelgen); and have been preserved until present day, which can be observed today.
It’s evident from our long song studies that Mongolian long song is preserved among all the Mongol ethnicities throughout the entire territory of Mongolia; in Buryatia, Tuva and Kalmukia in Russia, most part of Inner Mongolia, Torgut Mongols in Khovog Sair and Bor Tala in Xinjiang, Deed (Upper) Mongols in Kokonor and Tsastyn Mongols in China. Regarding its broad scope of dissemination, it’s worth to say that Mongolian long song ‘is living; on the vast territory of the Grand Land (Asia-Euro Continent)
The value and siginificance of the proclamation of Mongolian Long Song as the ‘Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity’ are:
Firstly: Mongolian long song contains the abundant millennia-years’ experience of discovering the laws and principles of human life, biosphere , nature and the universe, and the prosperous knowledge to keep the balance between human and nature through communicating with honor and respect;
Secondly: Mongolian long song opened the exceptionally unique method, technique and manner of proficiency of human body, mentality, intelligence and homan voice and the wider capacity of human speaking organs;
Thirdly: Mongolian long sojng becomes the hym and symbol of blissful life of the people and the peace of co-existence; thus being an extraordinarily unique vocal art that bring multiple benefits to anyone who listens to it.
DORJDAGVA Myagmarsuren, Long Song Singer and Long Song Researcher, The International Institute for the Study of Nomadic Civilizations